The following references are part of the Zotero RDF bibliography – My – based on Zotero version

2nd World OER Congress. (2017). Ljubljana OER Action Plan 2017. UNESCO.

2019-2020 OER Grants – Book Publishing at Ryerson. (n.d.). Ryerson University Library. Retrieved June 20, 2021, from

About Open Access. (2020, February 7). Athabasca University Press.

About the licenses. (2016, May). [Blog]. Creative Commons.

About—Manitoba open textbook initiative. (n.d.). Open Ed Manitoba. Retrieved October 4, 2019, from

Adizes, I. (n.d.). Adizes concepts. Adizes Institute Worldwide. Retrieved April 17, 2021, from

Alberta OER – home. (n.d.). The Campus Alberta Open Educational Resources. Retrieved December 9, 2019, from

Alberta, G. of. (2015, September 29). Freedom of information and protection of privacy [Text]. Service Alberta.

Allen, N., & Shockey, N. (2014). Open Educational Resources and Public Policy: Overview and Opportunities. 2014 Open Education Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Anderson, T. (2013). Open access scholarly publications as OER. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 14(2). Canadian Business & Current Affairs Database; Education Database.

Arts, B., & Van Tatenhove, J. P. M. (2004). Policy and power: A conceptual framework between the ‘old’ and ‘new’ policy idioms. Policy Sciences, 37, 339–356.

Athabasca University. (2014a). Open access to research outputs policy. Athabasca University.

Athabasca University. (2014b). Open access to research outputs procedures. Athabasca University.

Athabasca University. (2017, January 10). Open educational resources. Community of Learning Design, Athabasca University.

Athabasca University Graduate Students’ Association financial statements year ended December 31, 2018. (2018). Athabasca University Graduate Student Association.

Balter, B. (2017, December 15). Fostering a culture of collaboration.

Barker. (2015). The institution as e-textbook publisher. Insights the UKSG Journal, 28(3), 51–55.

Barker, J., Jeffery, K., Jhangiani, R. S., & Veletsianos, G. (2018). Eight patterns of open textbook adoption in British Columbia. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 19(3).

Barker, P. (2013, January 21). Etextbooks europe—Sharing and learning phil barker’s work. Sharing and Learning.

Bates, A. W. (2015). Teaching in a digital age. BCcampus, BC Open Textbook Project.

BCcampus. (n.d.). B.C. open textbook collection. BCcampus. Retrieved February 11, 2021, from

BCcampus OpenEd Resources. (n.d.). BCcampus. Retrieved June 4, 2021, from

Beattie, E. (2016, April 5). What is an open textbook and how do you use it? BCcampus OpenEd.

Beattie, E. (2018, March 7). Pressbooks major release scheduled: March 15-16 – BCcampus. BCcampus News.

Beattie, E. (2019, February 5). Pressbooks Guide for B.C. and the Yukon. BCcampus News.

Beck, K., Beedle, M., Bennekum, A. van, Cockburn, A., Cunningham, W., Fowler, M., Grenning, J., Highsmith, J., Hunt, A., Jeffries, R., Kern, J., Marick, B., Martin, R. C., Mellor, S., Schwaber, K., Sutherland, J., & Thomas, D. (2001). Principles behind the agile manifesto. Manifesto for Agile Software Development.

Bell, L., & Stevenson, H. (2006). Education policy: Process, themes and impact. Routledge.

Bliss, T. J., Hilton III, J., Wiley, D., & Thanos, K. (2013). The cost and quality of online open textbooks: Perceptions of community college faculty and students. First Monday, 18(1).

British Columbia/Yukon Open Authoring Platform – Open Textbooks Adapted and Created by B.C. and Yukon Faculty. (n.d.). BCcampus. Retrieved May 31, 2021, from

Burgess, M. (2017). The BC open textbook project. In Kwantlen Polytechnic University, CA, R. S. Jhangiani, R. Biswas-Diener, & Noba Project (Eds.), Open: The Philosophy and Practices that are Revolutionizing Education and Science (pp. 227–236). Ubiquity Press.

Butler, J. (2015, October 12). Proof that using creative commons material is not risk-free. Guide Through the Legal Jungle.

Buzan, T. (2006). Mind mapping: Kickstart your creativity and transform your life. BBC Active.

Byron, L., & Wattenberg, M. (2008). Stacked graphs–geometry & aesthetics. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 14(6), 1245–1252.[Byron].pdf

Campus Alberta open educational resources initiative program summary. (2017). Campus Alberta OER.

Canada OER group – 2019 report—Nova Scotia—Dalhousie University. (2019). Dalhousie University.

Canada OER group – 2019 report—Saskatchewan—University of Regina. (2019). University of Regina.

Canada OER group – 2019 report—Saskatchewan—University of Saskatchewan. (2019). University of Saskatchewan.

Carmel, Y. H., Olsher, S., Elkin-Koren, N., & Yerushalmy, M. (2019). Etextbooks: Challenges to pedagogy, law, and policy. In Y. Kali, A. Baram-Tsabari, & A. M. Schejter (Eds.), Learning In a Networked Society (pp. 177–199). Springer International Publishing.

Cerf, V., Dalal, Y., & Sunshine, C. (1974). Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program (No. RFC0675; p. RFC0675). RFC Editor.

Chartrand, D. (2013, April 4). Pressbooks. GitHub.

Chesser, W. D. (2011). Chapter 5: The e-textbook revolution. Library Technology Reports, 47(8), 28–40.

Chtena, A. (2019). From codex to bits: Discourses, practices and materialities in the open textbook phenomenon (2316838670) [Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Clark, D. (2015, September 27). Agile learning design: An ethos for creating learning, training, and performance processes. Big Dog and Little Dog’s Performance Juxtaposition.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2018). Research methods in education (8th ed.). Routledge.

Comcepta AG. (n.d.). Welcome to, the transparent metasearch engine from Switzerland. ETools.Ch. Retrieved October 21, 2019, from

Couros, A. V. (2006). Examining the open movement: Possibilities and implications for education (305277651) [Ph.D., The University of Regina (Canada)]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Creswell, J. W. (2017). Review of the literature. In Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (pp. 27–48). Sage publications.

Cyfrowa szkoła (digital school) open e-textbooks program: A year and a half later. (2013, December 11). Centrum Cyfrowe.

Daines III, J. G., Nimer, C. L., & Lee, J. R. (2018). Exploring the american archivist: Corpus analysis tools and the professional literature. Journal of Contemporary Archival Studies, 5(1), 3.

Dalhousie Libraries Digital Editions. (n.d.). Dalhousie University. Retrieved May 31, 2021, from

Danner, H. (2006). Hermeneutik. In Methoden geisteswissenschaftlicher Pädagogik: Einführung in Hermeneutik, Phänomenologie und Dialektik ; mit ausführlichen Textbeispielen (5., überarb. und erw. Aufl, pp. 34–120). Reinhardt.

Definition of ETHICS. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved November 15, 2019, from

Definition of je ne sais quoi. (2020, October 25). [Dictionary]. Merriam-Webster.

Definition of online. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved May 31, 2021, from

Definition of open. (n.d.). Merriam-Webster Inc. Retrieved November 8, 2019, from

Digital preservation. (n.d.). The British Library; The British Library. Retrieved April 13, 2021, from

Duration of copyright in Canada. (2019, April 30). Copyrightlaws.Com: Copyright Courses and Education in Plain English.

ECampus Ontario funds five online open content initiatives. (2017, March 23). Ryerson University.

ECampusOntario open library portal. (n.d.). Retrieved March 2, 2020, from

ECampusOntario, Ryerson University to create open publishing infrastructure for Ontario post-secondary educators, learners. (2017, May 16). Canada NewsWire. Canadian Business & Current Affairs Database; Canadian Newsstream.

eCampusOntario Staff. (2019, October 23). General inquiry [Personal communication].

Ena, O. (2013). Visual analysis of e-textbooks for senior high school in Indonesia [Loyola University Chicago].

Faculty of health disciplines OER– save a tree hug an epub. (n.d.). Retrieved March 2, 2020, from

Fluit, C., Sabou, M., & van Harmelen, F. (2006). Ontology-based information visualization: Toward semantic web applications. In V. Geroimenko & C. Chen (Eds.), Visualizing the Semantic Web (pp. 45–58). Springer London.

Folk, M., & Barkstrom, B. (2003). Attributes of file formats for long-term preservation of scientific and engineering data in digital libraries.

Free and open-source software. (2019, October 1). Wikipedia.

Free! Why $0.00 is the future of business. (2008, February 26).

Freudenberg, N., & Tsui, E. (2014). Evidence, Power, and Policy Change in Community-Based Participatory Research. American Journal of Public Health, 104(1), 11–14.

Graduate Students Association of Athabasca University profit & loss budget overview. (2019). Athabasca University Graduate Student Association.

Grants – Book Publishing at Ryerson. (n.d.). Ryerson University Library. Retrieved June 21, 2021, from

Guidance on assessing quality systems—Epa qa/g-3. (2003). United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Guide to reappointment, promotion and tenure procedures at UBC. (2018). University of British Columbia.

Hardin, G. (1968). The tragedy of the commons. Science, 162(3859), 1243–1248.

Hart, M. (1992). Project Gutenberg. Project Gutenberg.

Havre, S., Hetzler, B., & Nowell, L. T. (1999). ThemeRiverTM: In search of trends, patterns, and relationships.

Hendrigan, H. (2019a). Mixing digital humanities and applied science librarianship: Using voyant tools to reveal word patterns in faculty research. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, 91.

Hendrigan, H. (2019b). Mixing digital humanities and applied science librarianship. Issues in Science and Technology Librarianship, 91.

Heritage, C. (2019, August 29). Canada book fund [Grants and funding opportunities; service description]. Government of Canada.

Hermeneutics. (2020). In The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.

Hermeneutics. (2021). In Collins English Dictionary.

Hetenyi, G., Dr. Lengyel, A., & Dr. Szilasi, M. (2019). Quantitative analysis of qualitative data: Using voyant tools to investigate the sales-marketing interface. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 12(3), 393.

Hetenyi, G., Lengyel, A. D., & Szilasi, M. D. (2019). Quantitative analysis of qualitative data: Using voyant tools to investigate the sales-marketing interface. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 12(3), 393–404.

Hilton III, J. L., & Wiley, D. (2010). A sustainable future for open textbooks? The flat world knowledge story. All Faculty Publications.

Hilton III, J. L., & Wiley, D. (2011). Open access textbooks and financial sustainability: A case study on flat world knowledge. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 12(5), 18–26.

History of the OSI. (2018, October). Open Source Initiative.

Holtz, Y. (n.d.). Streamgraph. From Data to Viz. Retrieved August 16, 2021, from

Information technology acceptable use policy. (n.d.). Seneca College. Retrieved June 22, 2021, from

Ingham, D. (1994). Recreating the revolution. Proceedings of the annual National Educational Computing Conference (15th, Boston, Massachusetts, June 13-15, 1994). International Society for Technology in Education, 1787 Agate St.

Institution as e-textbook publisher toolkit. (2018, December 11). Jisc.

Intellectual property policy. (n.d.). Seneca College. Retrieved June 23, 2021, from

International Digital Publishing Forum. (2016). EPUB for education. EPUB for Education.

Internet. (2021). In Wikipedia.

Introduction to digital formats for library of congress collections. (2017, September 3). [Webpage]. Library of Congress.

Jänicke, S., Franzini, G., Cheema, M. F., & Scheuermann, G. (2017). Visual text analysis in digital humanities: Visual text analysis in digital humanities. Computer Graphics Forum, 36(6), 226–250.

Jhangiani, R. (2018). Open Education Strategic Plan 2018-2023. Kwantlen Polytechnic University.

Kay, A. (1969). The reactive engine.

Kirk, A. (2010, August 18). Making sense of streamgraphs. Visualising Data.

Klassen, T. (2012, October 16). BCcampus to co-ordinate provincial open textbook project – BCcampus. BCcampus.

KPU Academic plan 2018. (2014). Kwantlen Polytechnic University.

Labaree, R. V. (2020, November 1). Research guides: Organizing your social sciences research paper: types of research designs [Research Guide]. University of Southern California Libraries.

Lam, D. (2018, September 10). Students re-launch #TextbookBroke campaign across Ontario. OUSA – Ontario Undergraduate Student Alliance.

Lebert, M. (2009). A short history of ebooks. NEF, University of Toronto.

Lebert, M. (2010, March 21). Essay on the history of project gutenberg. Project Gutenberg News.

Lee, H. J. (2012). Educational policy and planning for Future Education Development of e-Textbooks. Monash University.

Lee, H. J., Messom, C., & Yau, K.-L. A. (2013). Can an Electronic Textbooks Be Part of K-12 Education?: Challenges, Technological Solutions and Open Issues. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 12(1), 32–44.

Lewins, A., & Silver, C. (2009). Choosing a CAQDAS package [Working Paper]. University of Surrey.

Libraries policy. (n.d.). Seneca College. Retrieved June 23, 2021, from

Lilavois, J. (1994). NECC 1994 conference proceedings cd-rom [CD-ROM]. Techware Corporation.

Lincoln, Y. S., Lynham, S. A., & Guba, E. G. (2011). Paradigmatic controversies, contradictions, and emerging confluences, revisited. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of qualitative research (4th ed., Chapter 6). Sage Publications.

Ludbrook, A. (2019). Who are Your Stakeholders? Ryerson University.

Mackintosh, J. (2017). Harold Innis’ notion of time and space: A content analysis of the distance education literature [Athabasca University].

Manitoba Open Textbook Initiative. (n.d.). OPEN ED Manitoba. Retrieved June 8, 2021, from

Marques, M. (n.d.). 1. Introduction to the toolkit. Institution as E-Textbook Publisher. Retrieved October 2, 2019, from

Marques, M. (2019, January 6). Institution as e-textbook publisher. Institution as E-Textbook Publisher.

Maxwell, J. W. (2006, November). Tracing the dynabook: A study of technocultural transformations.

Mays, E. (2018, January 19). Update: Pressbooks edu enterprise networks. Pressbooks.

McGrath, T. (2018). Library is the new publisher: Establishing workflows for library-based open educational resource production programs in post-secondary institutions across Canada and the United States [Simon Fraser University].

McGreal, R. (2020). Open educational resources in Canada 2020. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La Revue Canadienne de l’apprentissage et de La Technologie, 46(1).

McGuire, H. (2013, February 26). Pressbooks plugin now open source. Pressbooks.

McGuire, H., & O’Leary, B. (2012). Context, not container. In Book: A Futurist’s Manifesto. O’Reilly Media.

McKee Library. (2019, June 25). Research guides: Google & Google Scholar: boolean operators. Southern Adventist University McKee Library.

McKenzie, H. (2012, December 20). What does an open-source book publishing platform look like? We’re about to find out. Pando.

Media4x. (2021). Convert PDF to Text Online. PDF to Text.

Memorandum of understanding open educational resources. (2014). Alberta Advanced Education.

Merkley, R. (2016, April 18). You pay to read research you fund. That’s ludicrous. WIRED.

Metamorphosis. (2012, November 20). Alek Tarkowski—Building a National Open Educational Resources Polic….

Miao, F., Mishra, S., & McGreal, R. (2016). Open educational resources: Policy, costs, transformation. UNESCO Digital Library.

Miller, M. S. (1994). Helping exhibitors: Pressbooks at Warner Bros. In the late 1930s. Film History, 6(2), 188. Periodicals Archive Online.

Ministry of Colleges and Universities. (2017, June 6). Ontario making college and university more affordable with free online textbooks. News.Ontario.Ca.

Moore, A., & Butcher, N. (2016). Guide to developing open textbooks.

More open textbooks arriving on student bookshelves. (2019, April 17).

Mulder, F. (2013). The logic of national policies and strategies for open educational resources. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 14(2), 96.

Naming the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and the virus that causes it. (n.d.). Retrieved April 17, 2021, from

Nicholas, T. (2020, February 7). The Frankfurt school: From a failed revolution to critical theory.

Noonburg, D. (n.d.). Download the Xpdf command line tools. XpdfReader. Retrieved June 11, 2021, from

Norman, J. (2018). Open education strategic plan at SAIT, 2018-2021. SAIT.

Norman, J. (2021, January 13). Guides: Open educational resources at SAIT: Pressbooks at SAIT. Southern Alberta Institute of Technology – Reg Erhardt Library.

Ontario. (1914). British North America Act, 1867. Ontario: Revised Statutes, 1914(3).

Open Educational Resources. (n.d.-a). University of Guelph Library. Retrieved August 13, 2021, from

Open educational resources. (n.d.-b). University of Guelph. Retrieved June 23, 2021, from

Open educational resources in the “cyfrowa szkoła” (digital school) national program in Poland. (2012, June 12). Creative Commons Polska.

Open textbooks now! (n.d.). BCFS. Retrieved November 4, 2019, from (2007, March 22). The open source definition. Open Source Initiative.

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (n.d.-a). Carrot2 user and developer manual for version 3.17.0-snapshot. Carrot2. Retrieved October 21, 2019, from

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (n.d.-b). FAQ – How does Carrot2 clustering scale with respect to the number and length of documents? Carrot2 – Open Source Search Results Clustering Engine. Retrieved October 21, 2019, from

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (2004). Carrot2: An open source framework for search results clustering. 26th European Conference on Information Retrieval (Poster session), Sunderland, United Kingdom.

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (2017). Carrot2—Open source search results clustering engine. Carrot2.Org.

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (2019). Carrot2 user and developer manual for version 3.16.3. Carrot2.

Osiński, S., & Weiss, D. (2020). Carrot2 (3.16.3) [Computer software].

Ozdemir, O. (2018). Open textbook adoption: Enhancing the understanding of open textbook experiences of college faculty teaching in different settings (2038477309) [Ph.D., Indiana University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Palmer, S. (n.d.). What is ProQuest central? ProQuest LibGuides. Retrieved October 18, 2019, from

Park, J.-H. (2007). Factors influencing the adoption of open access publishing (304768968) [Ph.D., Syracuse University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Pata, K., Eradze, M., & Laanpere, M. (2014). E-textbooks: Towards the new socio-technical regime. In Y. Cao, T. Väljataga, J. K. T. Tang, H. Leung, & M. Laanpere (Eds.), New Horizons in Web Based Learning (pp. 226–235). Springer International Publishing.

Patterson, L. (2018). Stages of etextbook creation – the eTIPS project. In Institution as e-textbook publisher toolkit. Jisc.

Paynton, S. T., & Hahn, L. K. (n.d.). Critical Theories Paradigm. In Survey of Communication Study. Humboldt State University. Retrieved May 27, 2021, from

Philbin, A. (2018, October 21). Concordances and voyant tools. Parolepatrol.Org.

Philosophy Overdose. (2018, March 17). The Frankfurt school with Herbert Marcuse.

Pike, H. (2021, April 23). University of Calgary Student-led project investing in Open Educational Resources. CBC.

Plotkin, H. (2010). Free to learn guide. Creative Commons.

Pressbooks at the Robertson Library – Your self publishing platform at the University of Prince Edward Island. (n.d.). Retrieved May 31, 2021, from

Pressbooks now available to eCampusOntario member institutions. (2018, September 5). ECampusOntario.

Pressbooks working with Ryerson University on eCampusOntario grant: “Open publishing infrastructure.” (2017, May 19). Pressbooks.

Pressbooks—Open publishing. Open web. Open source. (n.d.). Pressbooks. Retrieved September 21, 2019, from

Province of Alberta. (2003). Post-secondary learning act. Alberta Queen’s Printer.

Province of Manitoba. (2015, September 11). New Program Will Make Free Online Textbooks Available to Manitoba Post-Secondary Students: Minister Allum. News Release – Manitoba.

Provincial initiative. (n.d.). The Campus Alberta Open Educational Resources. Retrieved December 9, 2019, from

Pyati, A. K. (2007a). Re-envisioning libraries in the information society: A critical theory of library technology (304879207) [Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Pyati, A. K. (2007b). A critical theory of open access: Libraries and electronic publishing. First Monday, 12(10).

Quirk, D., McGreal, R., & Anderson, T. (2012). Overview of open educational resources policies in Canadian institutions and governments. Technology Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute (TEKRI), Athabasca University.

Ramesh, N., & Andrews, J. (2015). Personalized search engine using social networking activity. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 8(4), 301.

Read the Budapest open access Initiative. (2002, February 14). Budapest Open Access Initiative.

Robson, C. (2011). Real world research: A resource for users of social research methods in applied settings (3rd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell.

Rockwell, G. (2003). What is text analysis, really? Literary and Linguistic Computing, 18(2), 209–219.

Rockwell, G., Bradley, J., & Monger, P. (1999). Seeing the text through the trees: Visualization and interactivity in textual applications. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 14(1), 115–130.

Rockwell, G., & Sinclair, S. (2016). Hermeneutica: Computer-assisted interpretation in the humanities. The MIT Press.

Rose, E. (2013). On reflection: An essay on technology, education, and the status of thought in the twenty-first century. Canadian Scholars´ Press.

Rudis, B., Vaidyanathan, R., Russell, K., & Bostock, M. (n.d.). Introduction to the streamgraph htmlwidgtet R Package. GitHub. Retrieved August 17, 2021, from

Saint-Germain, M. A. (2002). PPA 590 Women & public policy. California State University Graduate Center for Public Policy and Administration.

SAIT Board of Governors. (2018). AC.2.21.1 open educational resources. Southern Alberta Institute of Technology.

Samyn, P.-Y., & Raal, R. (2020, August 21). Frequently asked questions—General. The Document Foundation Wiki.

Seale, C. (Ed.). (2018). Researching society and culture (4th edition). Sage.

Silge, J., & Robinson, D. (2021). 3 Analyzing word and document frequency: Tf-idf. In Text Mining with R. O’Reilly,.

Sinclair, S. (n.d.). Loading texts into voyant tools. Voyant Tools Documentation. Retrieved May 12, 2021, from

Sinclair, S. (2014a, December 2). Release Initial Release 2.0 M1 (Preview Release). GitHub. /sgsinclair/Voyant/releases/tag/v2.0.0-M1

Sinclair, S. (2014b, December 2). Release initial release 2.0 M1 (preview release). GitHub.

Sinclair, S. (2020a). Release VoyantServer 2.4 M45 (2.4 M45) [Java 1.8+; MacOSX]. /sgsinclair/VoyantServer/releases/tag/2.4.0-M45

Sinclair, S. (2020b). Researchers, teachers, and learners seeing new possibilities with voyant tools. 24(2).

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016a). About—Voyant tools help. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/about

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016b). Cirrus. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/cirrus

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016c). Collocates Graph. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/collocatesgraph

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016d). Corpus Collocates. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/corpuscollocates

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016e). Corpus Terms. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/corpusterms

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016f). Correlations. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/correlations

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016g). ScatterPlot. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/scatterplot

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2016h). StreamGraph. Voyant Tools Help.!/guide/streamgraph

Sinclair, S., & Rockwell, G. (2021). Finding and preparing text. – Computer-Assisted Interpretation in the Humanities.

Skidmore, J. M. (2019). A place for policy: The role of policy in supporting open educational resources and practices at ontario’s colleges and universities (p. 33) [Research report]. eCampusOntario.

Śliwowski, K., & Grodecka, K. (2013). Open educational resources in Poland: Challenges and opportunities. UNESCO Institute for Information Technologies in Education.

Stallman, R. (2019, April 28). Why open source misses the point of free software. GNU Operating System.

Stebbins, R. A. (2001). Exploratory research in the social sciences. Sage Publications.

Steiner, C. M., Agosti, M., Sweetnam, M. S., Hillemann, E.-C., Orio, N., Ponchia, C., Hampson, C., Munnelly, G., Nussbaumer, A., Albert, D., & Conlan, O. (2014). Evaluating a digital humanities research environment: The CULTURA approach. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 15(1), 53–70.

Straub, E. T. (2009). Understanding technology adoption: Theory and future directions for informal learning. Review of Educational Research, 79(2), 625–649. Education Database.

Students applaud open education resource funding. (2019, April 17). BCFS.

Swettenham, S. (n.d.). Faculty of health disciplines oer. Faculty of Health Disciplines OER. Retrieved February 11, 2021, from

Swettenham, S. (2015a). Acknowledgements. In MEM. EPUB-FHD.ATHABASCAU.CA.

Swettenham, S. (2015b). MEM.

Swettenham, S. (2020). Pioneers of online learning in Alberta.

Swettenham, S., & Leask, D. (1994, June 15). ‘BBS’ teacher empowerment, student enrichment, community extension, and administrative revenues. NECC ’94 Internet Room Session, Boston.

System. (n.d.). Lexico Dictionaries | English. Retrieved November 10, 2019, from

Tarkowski, A., Plebańska, M., Stokowska, A., Śliwowski, K., Komusińska, J., Maźnica, Ł., Strycharz, J., Ciborowski, M., Pietrasiewicz, A., Orzech, A., Mileszyk, N., Grodecka, K., Rybicka, K., Ponikowska, M., Fundacja Projekt: Polska, & Centrum Cyfrowe. (2016). Open Educational Resources in Poland—Conditions and Chances for Development. Centrum Cyfrowe Projekt: Polska.

Tarkowski, A., Sitek, M., Strycharz, J., Vuorikari, R., & Castaño Muñoz, J. (2019). Methodological Guide for implementation and evaluation of open e-textbook programs. Joint Research Centre (Seville site).

Textbook Information. (2021, June 2). Hong Kong Education Bureau.

The Book & The Computer. (2003). The dynabook revisited—A conversation with alan kay. Squeakland – Home of Sqeak EToys.

The Governors of the University of Alberta. (2020). Open educational resources collaboration agreement. University of Alberta.

The project – BCcampus OpenEd resources. (n.d.). BCcampus OpenEd. Retrieved October 8, 2019, from

The Stanford Natural Language Processing Group. (n.d.). Stanford Log-linear Part-Of-Speech Tagger. The Stanford Natural Language Processing Group. Retrieved July 31, 2021, from

Training, A. E. S. and. (2014, May 15). Free, online textbooks developed for skills training.

Training, A. E. S. and. (2015, March 6). Open textbooks: A great idea catches on. BC Gov News.

Training, A. E. S. and. (2017a, February 10). Textbook lesson in savings for UBC students.

Training, A. E. S. and. (2017b, March 30). Funding boosts the B.C. open textbook project.

Training, A. E. S. and. (2019, April 17). More open textbooks arriving on student bookshelves.

Twidale, M., & Hansen, P. (2019). Agile research. First Monday, 24(1).

U of R open textbooks. (n.d.). University of Regina. Retrieved October 4, 2019, from

University of Alberta. (n.d.-a). About. University of Alberta Library. Retrieved February 11, 2021, from

University of Alberta. (n.d.-b). Library publishing for open textbooks. University of Alberta Library. Retrieved March 3, 2020, from

University of Alberta. (n.d.-c). Library publishing for open textbooks. University of Alberta Library. Retrieved February 11, 2021, from

University of Guelph open books – publishing platform. (n.d.). Retrieved June 23, 2021, from

University of Saskatchewan OER strategic plan 2019-2023. (2019). University of Saskatchewan.

UPEI Staff. (2018, November 16). UPEI Pressbooks instance [Personal communication].

Use of teaching materials in UBC credit courses. (2019). University of British Columbia.

van Wyk, T. (2012). Taking OER beyond the OER community: Policy issues and priorities. In Open educational resources and change in higher education: Reflections from practice (p. 13).

Vieira, K. A. L., & Queiroz, G. M. de. (2017). Hermeneutic content analysis: A method of textual analysis. International Journal of Business, 2(8), 8–15.

Vivien Ward. (2016). Research in progress: The institution as e-textbook publisher project. Insights the UKSG Journal, 29(3), 273–279.

Waller, M., Cross, W. M., & Rigling, L. (2017). The open textbook toolkit: Seeding successful partnerships for collaboration between academic libraries and university presses. Journal of Scholarly Publishing, 49(1), 53–65.

Weimer, D., & Vining, A. R. (2004). Policy Analysis: Concepts and Practice (4th Edition). Prentice Hall.

Welcome to the public domain. (2013, April 3). Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center.

Weller, M. (2016). Different aspects of the emerging OER discipline. Revista Educacao e Cultura Contemporanea, 13(31).

What is carbon neutrality and how can it be achieved by 2050? (2019, October 3). [News]. News European Parliament.

What is free software? (2019, July 30). Gnu.Org.

Wiley, D. (2014, March 5). The access compromise and the 5th R [Blog]. Iterating toward Openness.

Wiley, D. (2018, August 17). Defining the “open” in open content and open educational resources [Blog]. Opencontent.Org.

Wiley, D., Green, C., & Soares, L. (n.d.). Dramatically bringing down the cost of education with OER. Center for American Progress. Retrieved October 27, 2017, from

Wiley, D., Hilton III, J. L. H., Ellington, S., & Hall, T. (2012). A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3), 262–276.

Williams van Rooij, S. (2007). Open source software in higher education: Freedom at what price? (304736308) [Ph.D., George Mason University]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global.

Wooldridge, R., & Devriendt, E. (2001). TACT et TACTweb, logiciels de recherche de données textuelles structurées. Russon Wooldridge.

Yano, B. (2017, April 14). Recognizing “Open” in Tenure and Promotion at UBC. SPARC.

Zmazek, B., Lipovec, A., Pesek, I., Zmazek, V., Šenveter, S., Regvat, J., & Prnaver, K. (2012). What is an e-textbook? Metodički Obzori: Časopis Za Odgojno-Obrazovnu Teoriju i Praksu, 7(15), 127–139.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *